Sozopol is one of the earliest towns on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Located 34 kilometers south of Bourgas on a slender rocky peninsula and three isles.
Sozopol was founded in 610 BC by Miletian Greeks as their colony of Apollonia, thrived as a middleman between the Greek and the Thracian world. Later, in the years of early Christianity it was named Sozopol (Salvator) and so was inhabited for more then 2600 years.
In 620 B.C. immigrants from the rich city of Milet - the largest South Greek centre on the Asia Minor coast - turned the old Thracian settlement into a rich Hellene colony - the independent city-state Apollonia-Pontica. Sozopol resisted the barbarian invasions and continually conquered and regained by Byzantium (972 1366), Sozopol got its renaissance in c.13 it was an important harbour centre, a mediator in the international commerce, an episcopal and metropolitan's seat.
After the fall of Sozopol under Ottoman oppression in 1453 it gradually declined and turned into a poor fishermen's and wine-producers' settlement.
It recovered in the years before the National Liberation in 1878 and especially after that because of the exclusive hardiness and vitality of its population.
After passing through the centuries with a many-faced historical development, chequered with rises and falls, Sozopol and the settlements of the Sozopol municipality have reached our days as possessors of a rich and unique cultural and historical heritage.
The numerous fortresses and fortifications, dated from time of Thracians', necropolises, pre-historical tombs (dolmens), from latter ages were preserved many churches, monasteries, original houses - architectural monuments, as well as a lot of historical and memorial monuments with local and international meaning.
In the central part of Sozopol there is the antique and mediaeval Christian complex object of profound archaeological investigations that shows a full sectional view of culture-historical stratification of Sozopol.
The integration into the urban surroundings of the cultural and architectural monuments, and also of the natural landmarks has an exclusive importance for